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How GIS can be used as a response system during natural calamity

Disasters are said to be spatial in nature and in recent years we can see an increase in intensity and occurrence of disasters. Statistically, between 2000 and 2019, over 4 billion people worldwide were affected by disasters and over 1.2 million people lost their lives. These natural and man-made calamities have the potential to turn into cascading disasters which can lead to massive destruction, loss of life and property. Uttarakhand, a state in the Northern part of India, in the month of February, 2021,  experienced flash floods which caused an unprecedented damage to life and property. It can be said that it will take time to reach a state of normalcy.

Source: Alja-Zeera
 

Though the occurrence of disasters cannot be prevented but it is possible to be prepared to face the disasters before they occur and have plans in place to execute once disasters have occurred in order to minimize the loss of property and lives. The advances in technology and possibility of integrating GIS and remote sensing to all phases of disaster management has made us capable of mitigating such calamities.

WHAT IS GIS?

GIS or Geographic Information Systems is a tool that captures geographic data for the purpose of manipulation, viewing and analysis. In technical terms, it is a computer system that captures, stores, checks, and displays data related to locations on the Earth’s surface.

Used to analyze spatial data or geographic information for any given and possible purpose, in today’s time – GIS is the go-to technology for location-based decisions. One of the sectors that majorly depends on GIS for reducing risks is disaster management. Playing a fundamental role in understanding the current and future issues involving geographic space, GIS positively builds as a response system for disaster management. From assisting in locating the potential hazard exposure to preparing for quick strategies – GIS has the potential to be used as a response system during disasters.

GIS AS RESPONSE SYSTEM FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT

The Disaster Management sector is responsible for creating awareness of any possible natural calamities to happen in the near-future. With the help of the GIS tools, these teams make a proper plan of mitigation, response, rescue and evacuation. Their primary responsibilities involve –

  •  Identifying and mapping the disaster prone areas
  • Planning safety measures beforehand
  • Planning rescue and evacuation
  • Rehabilitation and post disaster management
Source: RMSI

WAYS GIS HELPS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT

GIS as a tool has the power to collect data from various sources to be used for a common purpose on a common platform. These readily accessible data of critical information help to plan efficient disaster management in cases of emergencies. Some ways GIS has been helping in mitigating natural calamities are –

  • GIS helps in creating the map of disaster affected areas
  • Can allow the mapping of evacuation routes by use of imagery captured.
  • If a weather forecast is available then the government officials can take appropriate decisions based on the available maps and locations.
  • Create disaster maps to show the risk zones as well as disaster impact zones.
  • Helps in mapping evacuation routes
  • Shelter planning
  • Identifies debris removal strategies
  • Used for storing digitized maps, their visualization and analysis.
  • Helps in re-establishing communication
  • Gives an estimate of economic impacts and social impacts
  • Useful in connecting dislocated families and sending helps to them
  • Identifying the medicals and hospitals for treatment nearby
  • Helps to find shelter and camps that one can easily reach in the nearby places
  • Identifying safe disaster prone places where shelters and camps can be organized with the help of maps.
  • Help secure relief funding

HOW GISKERNEL CAN HELP IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT?

GISKernel provides specialized services and consulting to harness the power of GIS to build an effective response system for disaster management business. We can help you with mapping of the geographic terrain, collecting data about past and current disasters, secure relief funds and much more.

GISKernel makes use of a variety of different spatial, temporal, and spectral resolutions to provide you with better data and helps you with –

  • Hazard mapping for flood plains and fault lines, fire hazards, earthquakes and more
  • Identifying, following and analysing the potential destruction of disaster
  • Using remote sensing to gauge initial destruction, to infrastructure in the case of an earthquake or terrorist attack
  • Tracking the location and supply levels of support and rescue teams following an emergency event
  • Creating computer-generated maps of infrastructure including pipes, sewers, power lines, neighbourhoods’ and other aspects of an area so the map can be referenced in preparedness, emergency and recovery efforts
Source: geospatial-world
  • Information about emergency headquarters (i.e police, fire, ambulance) for quickest response during the time of emergency
  • Identifying potentially vulnerable residents in case of a disaster, in terms of age, income and other insights
  • Tracking terrorist attacks, sabotage and other threats to national security using geospatial information technology
  • Using sensors on airplanes or satellites (remote sensing) to record events such as storms and to integrate that information into a geographic information system
  • Finding current evacuation routes that have been updated as a result of the disaster at hand

GISKernel works in a number of different industries such as Agriculture, Automobile, Disaster Management, Oil and Gas, Telecom, Public Safety, Municipality etc. We are looking forward to serving you in the best geo-spatial way possible.

Use & Importance of GIS during COVID-19 Pandemic

The world is united in its fight against the Novel Coronavirus 2019, more commonly known as the COVID-19. This epidemic has spread like never before in the history of humankind. The rapid globalization has played a significant role in this widespread repercussion.

Thankfully, globalization is playing the role of a double-edged sword by providing means to combat this pandemic too. It supports the availability of the latest technological and medical developments in various parts of the globe. The healthcare industry, along with the support of numerous technical innovations, is driving the world to recover.

Image source

To stop the spread of COVID-19, it is essential to understand the dynamics of this pandemic in terms of community spread, high-risk groups, recovery rates, death rates, new case reports, etc. One of the most reliable tools that are being used by experts in all fields is the Geographic Information System (GIS).

GIS is a framework that integrates, manages, and analyses different types of data. It is rooted in geographical sciences and acts as a location intelligence tool and provides valuable data concerning COVID-19. GIS makes use of the available resources to provide the best possible solutions.

The GIS framework has helped nations to create dashboards to monitor the disease spread. However, apart from enhancing global connectivity and awareness, there are many more modes by which GIS is helping humanity conquer the COVID-19 pandemic.

  1. To map the cases of COVID-19- By mapping the confirmed and active cases in different regions, GIS has been crucial in determining the number of cases in different parts of the world.

  1. To monitor the spread of the pandemic- GIS can analyze the rate of new cases, recovery rates, and fatalities across space and time. This gives valuable information to epidemiologists regarding the direction and the scale of the spread.

  1. To detect the hotspots and sealing of the location- Once the cases are mapped, and the rate of spread is calculated, it would be easier to understand the hotspot regions. Further, this information can be used to seal and lockdown such areas. This will control the spread of the pandemic to a large extent.

  1. To understand the spread pattern- The interactions of COVID- 19 infected persons can be studied using GIS. This is done by tracking their card transactions, mobile phone tower locations, and travel details.

    • This valuable information can be added to the GIS and warn the community regarding possible spread.

    • Various analytical techniques have been employed by institutions across the world to create an epidemiologic curve that shows disease spread patterns globally.

  1. To track down potential suspects- The most vital method of preventing the spread of COVID-19 is through social distancing. GIS has made it possible to provide the details of potential suspects of the primary contact. This will help to prevent contact of such people with other members of the community through effective quarantine.

  1. To identify potential risk areas- GIS can incorporate the data for social vulnerability index from various Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

    • This will help the GIS to identify the possible socioeconomic and race of world populations that are at higher risk.

    • The census data provide information regarding the demography of a region. This information can help the GIS to detect the location of high-risk groups like senior communities and retirement destinations.

  1. Help people to avoid visiting hotspots- Communication is the most significant advantage of GIS facilities. Governments across the globe can share information with partners and the public using such dashboards.

    • It aids in the isolation of hotspots from people from other parts.

    • The recognition of such risky areas has resulted in the closure of institutions, early evacuations, and other methods of leveraging social distancing protocols.Image source

  1. Mapping of isolation centers, hospitals and testing facilities- This is one of the most valuable uses of the GIS.

    • There are many hospitals that regularly update the available capacities to policymakers. Once this information is fed to the GIS network, the respective tools will analyze the patterns.

    • Further, information regarding the diminishing capacities in a hospital and bed utilization rates is made available in such portals. Such tools have helped in converting underutilized facilities to full-fledged healthcare spaces and makeshift hospitals.

    • Added, GIS can match vulnerable populations with such facilities and assist in promoting accessibility.

  1. To forecast and visualize disease rates- Epidemiologists are working on different GIS modeling techniques to predict the disease dynamics in the coming days. It will help to analyze the possible rates and direction of disease spread. Such forecasting models will help the authorities to decide where to implement control, preventive, and surveillance measures. The allocation of resources in such testing times can play a vital role in the management of the pandemic.

  1. To assess supply chain facilities- During such curfew-like times, proper functioning of supply chain facilities is highly relevant. GIS can determine the efficient routes from different warehouses to hospitals and other healthcare facilities. This ensures the quickest ways to provide essential commodities. Such supply chain-related GIS tools can be used for other essential items like vegetables, fruits, dairy products, etc.

  1. To track patients- GIS, along with the Global Positioning System (GPS), can track the mobile phone’s network of the patient. This will ensure proper quarantining of the patient and limit the spread of the disease. Government agencies use such geofencing techniques to keep watch on the patients and check for violations.

  1. To assess the impact of interventions- Evaluating the extent of success of each intervention is necessary for the proper utilization of limited resources. GIS maps can be used by officials to understand the impact of a particular intervention on the control and prevention of disease spread, recovery rates, etc. There are disease distribution maps that are real-time updated and show the changes in different areas.

Policymakers in all parts of the world have come to acknowledge the efficiency of GIS tools to communicate, assess, and understand the scale of COVID-19 pandemic. In fact, many governments have even taken assistance of this technology. Most importantly, GIS maps can help to suppress misinformation, which is the biggest cause of worry during these difficult times.

How GIS can help in Elections?

India is the largest democracy in the world and elections is the fundamental pillar of any true democratic country. With the central elections happening in India, we decided to see how GIS can help make the process simpler, efficient and more productive.

With the active awareness that has gripped the nation for 2019 Lok Sabha Elections, Geographic Information System (GIS) can be extremely supportive in spreading the required awareness as well as for targeted marketing.
Let’s explore to understand how GIS can transform the election process.

What is GIS?

GIS stands for Geographic Information System. Simply put, GIS captures geographical data, analyzes it, and presents visual information on a digital map to solve complex problems or take better decisions.

To give you an example, GIS helps organizations in almost all fields such as-

  • Helping retailers in identifying and setting up their stores in the most profitable location.
  • Allowing conservation organizations to predict the consequences of global warming.
  • Assisting police force in apprehending criminals by tracking their criminal activity.

Other areas that GIS finds its applications in include education, healthcare, insurance, manufacturing, public safety, telecommunication, transportation, agriculture among others.
(We can also link this section to other article on the website for SEO)

A. How GIS can help citizens to choose the right candidate?

GIS has made it easier to know and compare the information of the most deserving candidate for your locality. This will help you make an informed decision in just a few clicks. Now the voters can get every crucial data on the performance of their current MP and assess if he/she should continue or be replaced.

Here’re the simple steps on how GIS helps the voters during elections –

    1. View your current MP performance and compare with other candidates –
  • Head over to theprint.in/my543-lok-sabha-elections2019. Choose your “state” and “constituency” to get to know all about your current MP and the work done during their term.

  • The graphical data – powered by GIS – lets you visually compare the performance of your current MP with the previous MP. This helps in picking out the one who has done the most work and is the best suitable candidate for your area.

      Few criterions which lets you compare the performance of your MP include-

    • The activity of your MP on various subjects such as finance, agriculture, education, and health.

    • The amount of fund that has been utilized in developing the local area such as road development and coverage which is illustrated using map.

    • The progress of constituency concerning literacy rate, electrified homes, homes with toilets, sex ratio, underweight children, and low BMI women

  • Moreover, GIS displays the list of contesting candidates on a map with their basic information such as age, party, criminal cases, educational qualification, total assets and liabilities. This information on your candidates can clear up the rest of the picture and assist you in taking the right decision on who deserves your vote.

  • 2. When you go to cast your vote –
  • It can help you find your constituency – Go to electoralsearch.in, put in your EPIC number, search for your details, and find your constituency. Next, click on “view details” to know about your polling date and polling station.

  • Therefore, GIS helps you in locating your booth. Moreover, it also shows you the shortest route to reach as well as parking space available there. Everything is visually seen on an easy to follow map.

  • Furthermore, GIS also tells you if there are traffic jams on the way or suggests you alternate routes if there are barricades present in your route to save your precious time.

  • To help you with emergencies, GIS can also guide you to the nearest police station or hospital as well.

B. How GIS can help political parties

    1. Helps in campaign management
  • A GIS helps in organizing and running a successful campaign. The analytics and demography of a particular area can tell a lot about which marketing tactics would work and which won’t.
    For example- if an area is dominated by youngsters, targeting them with ideas that appeal to youth would work out exceedingly well.

  • Similarly, for fundraising activities, GIS can help you identify the location where people are more likely to donate, considering their socio-economic conditions.

  • GIS gives you the opportunity to know your voters more deeply, address their problems, and reach out to them in an appealing way. It helps to identify the core issues of an area so the parties can layout strategies accordingly in order to win the election.

  • What’s more, GIS can also help keep an eye on social media, which is where the majority of people form their opinion about various political parties.
    For instance – these parties can keep a track of the trending tags and hashtags on social media to know which direction the political wind is blowing and what people think about them. On the basis of this insight, they can strategize their next move and turn the political situation in their favour.

  • 2. GIS helps avert untoward incidences.

    Moreover, GIS helps in identifying the locations where criminal activity rates are high or will be high, making it easier to beef up the ballot security in time. This reduces cost & errors and adds to the transparency and credibility of the elections.

C. How GIS can help government officials?

Adopting GIS is a significant move in making elections smarter and effectual. It can holistically transform the way election processes work and achieve their goal.

  1. GIS improves voter experience, encourages higher voter turnout

    Elections are a festival of democracy, and festivals can often bring along chaos which could ruin the experience for voters.

    That’s where GIS can help address problems, resolve them, and make the entire process well-organized and uncomplicated. Here’s how-

    1. Helps locate voting centers-

      Citizens on the polling day can find their polling booth location using just a simple app, powered by GIS. In addition to the location, voters even get info on poll hours and detailed directions to reach over there with the help of a map, eliminating the need to roam cluelessly for hours.
      What this means is, by making voting centers easily accessible, GIS increases voter participation and turnout too.

    2. Delivers engaging election day results-

      Admit it, nobody likes boring excel sheets or numbers written on a white background.
      GIS technology heard this out and made result viewing absolutely pleasing. It presents data using an interactive map to inform you of various events such as number and age-group of voters, polling percentage, past results, etc.

  2. GIS makes elections operations smoother and real-time
    1. Keeps an eye on election proceedings, improves efficiency and effectiveness

      Election day can bring a lot of surprises, which need a swift response to keep the process flowing smoothly. This could be executed effortlessly only when you have access to live data and the current situation of the polling place.

      GIS lets you take better decisions with its real-time monitoring and helps in allocating the resources where they are needed the most.

    2. Open data portal lets you notify people with authoritative election information

      GIS also provides a one-point interface to transmit data or information related to the election to citizens, journalists, and even the officials and staff of the organization.

      This rules out the possibility of people falling prey to rumors or fake news that are quite rampant during election seasons.

  3. GIS simplifies the redistricting process

    Redistricting is the process of drawing electoral district boundaries every 10 years. The redistricting process is simply redrawing electoral district boundaries. However, the non-transparency in the process also used to give rise to gerrymandering, which is shaping districts to benefit one political party or another.

    GIS has a solution for it as it brings transparency to the entire redistricting process. Here’s how-

    1. Helps create error-free redistricting plans

      GIS makes the redistricting process simpler by creating redistricting plans that are compliant to legislative requirements. Not just that, it also ensures that these plans pass judicial audits or legal review and are flawless.

      Thus, it brings clarity and transparency to the entire process by making everything visible for all stakeholders, including the citizens.

    2. Includes citizen participation and collaboration

      Working towards a transparent and credible election framework, web-based GIS enables government, advocates, and citizens to complete redistricting plans that comply with legislative requirements. This is done by utilizing online redistricting and geocoding tools.

      Once done, these plans could be shared too. The entire process of engaging citizens brings faith into the system and eliminates doubts.

    3. Let’s you compare redistricting plans and create custom reports

      GIS enables comparing various potential redistricting plans and summarize their data. It is also easier to create a custom report by applying the desired variable that is valuable to the organization.

      Finally, the best redistricting plan is checked for errors and finalized.

    4. Allows checking for common missteps

      GIS also helps in data integrity checking, which is checking data for its accuracy and consistency. Moreover, it allows checking for –

      1. Contiguity- traveling between two points within a district without crossing into another district.
      2. Compactness
      3. Preserving communities of interest

How GIS can help the agriculture industry

The agriculture industry is the backbone of any country. Without a well-developed and thriving farming industry, it will be difficult for a country to grow and prosper. However, in recent years, agriculture production is fighting against all odds to survive. Plagued by floods, droughts, poor farming techniques, and knowledge and being affected by swarms of insects, the agricultural community seems to be losing its edge.

While the government in every country is trying to make improvements to ensure better crop yield, these factors along with many others are continuing to take a toll on the agriculture industry. The growing debt and no quick solutions have resulted in farmers and their families committing suicides every day.

In such trying times, a Geographic Information System (GIS) can be incredibly helpful in getting the agriculture industry back on track. Let’s explore to understand how GIS can help the agricultural industry.

What is GIS?

GIS stands for a Geographic Information System. It is a framework that can be used for capturing, managing, storing, manipulating, and even analyzing all types of data, especially geographical data. The system has its foundation on the science of geography, indicating that a certain portion of the collected data is spatial. To put it simply, data which has been captured has in some way been referenced to certain locations on the earth.

Apart from the collected data, GIS systems also provide tabular data which is known as the attribute data. This attribute data is usually defined as being the additional information that is attached to each of the spatial features.

The ideal combination of these two data sets is what allows GIS to be a highly effective and efficient problem-solving tool that works through spatial analysis.

Farmers and agricultural communities around the world have turned towards GIS software to help them get their industry back on track.

Let’s take a look at how GIS is transforming the agriculture industry worldwide.

Application of GIS in the Agriculture Sector:

The use of GIS in the field of agriculture is not a new phenomenon. With the agriculture sector being the backbone of all economies, it is no wonder then that any kind of beneficial changes introduced in this sector will have a larger corresponding impact on other sectors of the economy as well.

A GIS infrastructure is proving to be a boon for the agriculture industry as it is allowing the community to map and project not just current data, but also future data related to fluctuations in temperature, crop output, precipitation levels, and more.

When farmers are capable of mapping the geographic and geologic features of a potential or current farmland, it allows farmers to work together with scientists to create more efficient and effective farming techniques. This is going to have a definite increase in overall food production, especially in those parts of the world that are dealing with malnutrition and where people are struggling to produce enough food for themselves and others.

GIS has shown that technology, when used smartly and competently, has a crucial role to play in building sustainable agricultural practices. GIS has also successfully added great value to the agriculture sector by streamlining the processes.

How GIS is helping the agriculture industry:

  • Soil Analysis:

    GIS data can be used to carry out soil analysis. It also allows you to get a spread of historical farming practices in that area to understand what would be the best crops to plant, where to plant them, and what measures need to be taken to maintain the proper soil nutrient levels that serve best for the plants.

  • Agricultural Mapping:

    The advent of this highly efficient geospatial technology has made it possible to better understand as well as manage the natural inputs in farming. GIS technology substantially helps determine what the effective crop yield would be, carry out soil amendment analysis, and also identify soil erosion possibility and remediation techniques beforehand itself. Such type of accurate and reliable crop estimates has helped decrease uncertainty that accompanies the sector.

  • Precision farming:

    Precision agriculture is a farming concept that makes available geographical information to better understand and determine field variability to ensure the best possible use of a farmer’s inputs and thus maximize the output from a farm. With the use of GIS, it is now possible for farmers to more accurately determine what inputs their fields require, where exactly it is required and in what quantities.

    Source: GPS4Us.

    This information facilitates farmers to efficiently use certain expensive resources such as pesticides, herbicides, and of course, fertilizers. It also ensures more effectual use of water. Farmers who use GIS technology in precision farming can easily increase their farm’s yields along with lowering their operating costs. Hence, it increases their overall profits.

  • GIS technology has also allowed farmers to carry out crop forecasting and thus manage their agriculture output with the use of multispectral imagery that is collected by various satellites. GIS also makes it possible to analyze and visualize the agricultural environment and farmers can then plan out their workflows to give the maximum benefits.

  • GIS also helps the farming community to reduce costs and increase production at the same time by allowing for better management of their land resources. This reduces the risk of marginalization and also reduces the vulnerability of the marginal and small farmers.

How GISKernel can help the Agriculture Sector?

GISKernel provides specialized services and consulting to harness the power of GIS to build a sustainable, yet profitable, agriculture business for you. We can help you with mapping of the geographic terrain, collecting data about current and future levels of temperature, crop yield, precipitation levels, and much more, helping you grow your crop production significantly.

GISKernel makes use of a variety of different spatial, temporal, and spectral resolutions to provide you with better data on:

  • Crop assessment and crop health
  • Crop mapping and yield estimation
  • Soil and irrigation amendment analysis
  • Irrigated landscape mapping
  • Agricultural mapping for getting an in-depth vegetation cover and monitoring
  • Suitability assessment studies for understanding best crop fits
  • Erosion identification and remediation
  • Elevation models for efficient water drainage

Our GIS platform can help you plan end-to-end smart solutions for a new farm plot or an existing farm terrain, along with suggesting sustainable practices that can be adopted.

GISKernel works in a number of different industries such as Agriculture, Automobile, Oil and Gas, Telecom, Public Safety, Municipality etc. We are looking forward to serving you in the best geo-spatial way possible.

How GIS Can Help in Energy and Utility Industry

The energy and utility sector is one of the most rapidly expanding sectors of any country. Added to this, utility management is perhaps one of the most basic needs of today’s infrastructure management. Most governments and companies are always looking at how investment can be made on different utility supply lines, such as water, power lines, telephone lines, gas mains, and even sewage lines.

It is necessary that each component of a utility should remain functional and not suffer from a breakdown. Because once it does, it becomes very difficult to manage such an infrastructure manually. This is where having access to geographic data helps provide the correct spatial dimensions to the infrastructure’s management.

At the same time, the energy and utility industry worldwide is going through unprecedented change. The privatization of government-owned utilities, increasing competition between wholesale and retail consumers, and rapid mergers and acquisitions are all factors that have added various new elements of risk to the field of utility management today.

This is why energy and water utilities today are no longer able to solely rely on the regulatory protection of their customers and territory. If utilities are not affected by direct deregulation, then they are increasingly facing customers who are more and more aware of the pricing and service options.

This is why utilities today require new tools and strategies to remain competitive.

One of the emerging areas of focus that has emerged for the energy and utility industry is that of spatial data. Better use of spatial data including improved hardware and software, networking technologies, and geographic knowledge are creating more opportunities for the energy and utility industry to create and build a more sophisticated and comprehensive GIS.

Let’s take a look at how GI is helping in shaping the new and more competitive energy and utility industry. But first, let’s get to know in detail what is GIS?

What is GIS?

GIS stands for Geographic Information System. GIS is a framework or infrastructure in place for gathering, managing, and analyzing all types of data. Based on the foundation of geography, GIS helps integrate and bring together several types of data.

The framework analyzes the spatial location and then organizes layers of related information into visualizations that make use of 3D scenes and maps. With such unique offerings, GIS is capable of providing deeper insights into data such as relationships, specific situations, and patterns, thus helping users of the GIS system make better informed and smarter decisions.

Application of GIS in the Energy and Utility Sector:

The GIS framework, along with a well-functioning IT (Information Technology) setup, can help the energy and utility sector make use of software, hardware, and other data for identifying and visualizing the market trends, industry partners, new opportunities, and the threats facing the sector.

This otherwise would not be possible by using the simple data available on paper and in tabular form. GIS can make great value addition to the energy and utility sector by making their functioning more streamlined and better.

Some of the challenges that GIS can help address for this industry include:

Poor infrastructure and lack of connectivity to natural sources of fuel, asset management and distribution network: One of the key challenges facing many energy and utility industries around the world is the problem of poor infrastructure and lack of proper connectivity to sources of fuel, asset management, and a proper distribution network.

GIS solutions can help improve the quality and performance of the energy infrastructure and bring it at par with global levels. The geographic and business data can be used for developing GIS-enabled solutions that can help all types of infrastructure-level queries and issues. The data of infrastructure components can be digitized and then utilized for real-time monitoring of assets.

The solutions can also be tailored for the benefit of policymakers, distribution companies, and power plant stakeholders.

Some of the GIS-enabled solutions in this field may include:

  • Workforce and resources planning system for better asset management
  • GIS-enabled Enterprise asset management
  • A predictive analysis system of demand and supply of fuel sources
  • Disaster Management and Recovery Systems
  • Real-time Decision Support Systems for Power Plants and Distribution

Storm vulnerability assessment: GIS system helps utilities assess the impact that major storms would have on the electrical grid and the entire distribution network. This will help utilities predetermine where to reinforce the network in order to minimize the impact from the storm.

Reduce technical losses in transmission, distribution and consumer level consumption: This will help prevent any inappropriate demand-supply issues. Wherever the energy and utility industry is still evolving, these countries need to focus on the lack of appropriate technologies and also transparency at the operations levels.

GIS-enabled solutions increase the ability of all stakeholders to build infrastructure, distribution networks, facilities, and also improve the overall quality standards in the sector.

The GIS-solutions that can be used for this purpose include:

  • Fleet management for fuel transportation
  • GIS-enabled asset analytics
  • Facilities management including fault detection and real-time analytics
  • GIS-enabled supplier/vendor integration solution

How GISKernel can help the energy and utility industry:

GISKernel aims to help you come to the forefront of the industry by using advanced technology with their thorough understanding of the spatial domain. With us as your technology partners, we promise to give you software support and high consulting capabilities at our best.

What services does GISKernel provide?

Telecommunications: Being aware of where the facilities and customers exist is an essential part of managing any utility and distribution grid. GIS databases have the potential to manage such an infrastructure.

Wastewater and water utilities: GIS systems allows a utility to integrate the data from various sources and create a manageable database.

Electricity Mapping: GIS systems along with other technologies can help you create an electricity mapping project that can be implement country-wide, state-wide or even area-wise.

It is a time for a major change for the energy and utility industry. Deregulation, privatization, and the advancements in technologies are all having a major impact on this industry.

Today, GIS is being used by many electrical, water, and gas utilities worldwide to focus on facilities management, automated mapping, and for creating other types of geographical information systems.

GISKernel will help you with map editing, creating map products, design and work order processing, network modeling, and executive information systems to help take your industry to the heights of success.

Application of GIS in Smart Cities

As the world progresses, inventors devise innovative and improved technologies to make our life easier. One such technological advancement is essential to make our cities self-sustainable and implement an integrated chain of networks so that the city runs as an independent ‘smart city’.

With urbanization arising rapidly in every part of the world, self-sustaining cities (with exceptional real-time sensor-based capabilities and knowledgebase) are the need of the hour. These smart cities operate 24*7 in real time to provide comfort, easy mobility, security, and satisfactory lifestyle to its citizens.Therefore, in the 21st century, government, as well as private companies, have shifted their focus from inventing new things to improving the present systems so as to provide a holistic lifestyle to the citizens.

A lot of “non-intelligent things” of yesterday have become “smart” today with the addition of sensors and decision logic. And now our cities and towns are also joining the trend with the effective use of technology to revamp communication infrastructure, energy efficiency, and resource distribution.

Let’s begin at the very basic and understand how to define a smart city.

What is A Smart City?

A smart city, as the name suggests, is a technologically advanced entity than the conventional city. Although the concept is often considered too wide to explain, let’s try to break it down to understand it in simpler terms.

Smart cities are cleaner, safer, and more efficient systems than their unplanned and unorganized counterparts.

When we talk about a smart city, several factors and metrics are used to measure the smartness of a city, which includes technological factors along with energy conservation, waste disposal, greenery, ease of transportation, security and so on. It must be clarified that the most reliable way of measuring the success of a smart city is the citizens’ quality of life.

To measure, analyze and implement these metrics, information is collected at different checkpoints with the help of sensors. These data points are then compiled, integrated, interpreted and worked upon using the Internet of Things (IoT) to provide solutions that offer a substantial growth opportunity to the city.

Areas of deployment in a smart city include – Land use planning, comprehensive waste management, climate resilience of city and community, smart transportation grid, smart utilities metering and grid, smart open data governance, smarter community services, slum management, energy efficient buildings, smart energy grid / renewable energy framework etc.

What is GIS:

Even more important to the discussion of a smart city, however, is the discussion of the GIS.

GIS stands for Geographical Information System which is a centralized information system wherein an IT framework is presented to maintain and deploy data. Therefore, a Geographical Information System (GIS) includes collecting, storing, analyzing, and deducing geographic data which form the basis of planning and designing for the smart city.

Application of GIS in Smart Cities:

Given the magnitude of the work done with GIS, it is largely applicable in different fields. However, the same implementation software or tool may not work for every other application.

That being said, it is also important to note that since the same general application software cannot be used for every other field, similarly, the data collected for a field cannot be used for analysis in other fields. Data and analysis must be exclusive with specifications.

GIS in Planning:

GIS is often considered as the foundation pillar to build a Smart city because it helps to “contextualize” the data that is collected through different cities. GIS is critical in helping city planners and designers understand how to go about in achieving a smart city, given its broad definition.

After all, geographical limitations are a tangible truth and no city, let alone a smart one, is possible without clearly assessing these limitations. Therefore, the most effective way to go about doing this is to use GIS in integration with designing tools (CAD or Building Information Modeling, for instance) to assist the planners and developers.

GIS in Sustainability:

GIS is widely used tool to help city planners and decision makers for planning self-sustainable smart city

Trying to preserve the environment along with minimizing waste generated and pollution demands that the government makes it a priority to address. This means that protecting the environment isn’t just a moral responsibility, but also a legal one.

Using spatial planning, an upcoming city can grow and develop as a tourist spot with the green cover in abundance or an already prevalent city could start concentrating on establishing a solid waste management and green area development. These data-driven decisions can only be possible GIS as the core of all the analysis.

How GISKernel can help develop a Smart City?

It was already established in the beginning, the generality of the tool of GIS is a limitation to its use. GIS has to be altered or redesigned to be used in specific positions for precise purposes. Therefore, working with GIS can be a huge challenge for those who are not fully aware of how to exploit this advanced geoinformation technology to its full capacity.GISKernel provides specialized services and consulting to harness the power of GIS to build a large-scale model of a smart city. We can help you with asset data collection which can further help you in planning, designing and constructing a sustainable smart city.

What Services Does GISKernel provide:

GISKernel is a team of highly efficient service providers who make sure that the needs of its customers are always met. At GISKernel, we provide a holistic picture of an idea to help simplify the process.

We integrate spatial information with other significant data that is collected from various resources on to a single IT framework. Therefore, we assist in assembling, processing, management and presentation of spatial information.

Apart from this, GISKernel also provides the following services:

  • Web Desktop and Mobile Software Development
  • GIS Platform Implementation
  • Data Creation
  • Precise Farming
  • Remote Sensing or Image Processing.
  • IOT Integration

Our GIS platform can help for planning end-to-end smart solutions for a new city/area or map out a few sustainable practices to be adopted in an already inhabited area.

 

Customizing ArcGIS Web App Builder with GISKernel

Web App Builder (WAB) for ArcGIS is an intuitive application that allows you to build 2D and 3D GIS apps without having to write a single line of code. WAB is designed with powerful tools to configure fully featured web responsive GIS apps.

ArcGIS WAB uses different elements to create apps including base maps, layers hosted in ArcGIS online, interactive pop-ups and widgets. Web App Builder helps and empowers non-GIS experts to make their own maps, by making it easier to develop a customized web app for their web maps.

ArcGIS by Esri, for WAB, is a top-rated and best platform for Geographic Information System (GIS).Web AppBuilder for ArcGIS can build applications as per your requirement and for any type of field in a short span of time.

You might ask if all this is done by WAB, what is it that GISKernel does? How do we help you?

The professionals at GISKernel provide numerous options to create your own application within the Web AppBuilder. We offer you the flexibility to create personalized themes and special widgets to change the aesthetics of maps in your app.

If there’s a Spatially Special way to do it, GISKernel serves as your best companion. We craft advanced version maps to supplement your projects with existing basemaps.

We will come back to how can we help you in a minute. First, let’s confer the advantages of WAB ArcGIS.

Benefits of ArcGIS WAB

Besides providing a user-friendly platform, here are some other benefits of ArcGIS Web AppBuilder:

  1. It doesn’t need a specific OS to operate, it can run on any operating system.
  2. The development time is considerably lower.
  3. It can run on any device, using the device’s own web browser, via a simple URL.
  4. It caters to a larger set of clients and customers.
  5. The branding process becomes easier; product or service knowledge is easily conveyed resulting in better business opportunities.
  6. It also provides easy accessible data management system for businesses.
  7. WAB proves to be really cost-efficient because you don’t have to start from scratch to build an app.

Creating Your Own App Using ArcGIS WAB

Your wish to create your very own app can easily be turned into reality through ArcGIS Web AppBuilder. And we, the GIS experts, are here to bridge this gap for you.

We,at GISKernel, can easily help you customize your own web app.

Though WAB is quite efficient and can help you design a customized webapp without making you go through the hassle of writing any codes, it can only be used as a base product. Additionally, it also tends to become a bit tedious due to its limited functionalities.

To add more functionality and customizations, there are 3 viable methods –

  1. You can add an already developed widget (made by the Esri GIS Community)
  2. Enhance a prevalent existing widget.
  3. Design and develop a new widget to fit your requirements.

GISKernel helps you design and integrate these functionalities for smooth functioning.We believe in crafting out of the box solutions by building 2D and 3D web apps by adding widgets or customizing themes.

A theme (UI / UX) can define a feel and a decent layout for an easier interface that can be fashioned to enhance user experience. These are available according to the user’s requirements. The outlook can be set as per your demand; any mood can be set as per your type of app. In this case, any type of map can be created for any country, for any commute or anything else specifically.

GISKernel has developed numerous panels based on customer requirements. Examples of these creative and inventive themes can be seen below.

Along with creating a customized side panel which gives all the functionalities at one place, we also change the look and feel of the map to impress our clients. The easy access to all functionalities at one place and the simplistic yet detailed designed look is what GISKernel excels in.

Within these apps, there are various customizable widgets as well, that can be inserted into the maps anywhere as per your setting or type of map. The widgets can be made responsive and communication can also be created. Users will also be able to navigate within the app easily through widgets.

For example, we have developed Advance layer list widget which has been developed keeping in mind all the possible capabilities a user can ask for. Multiple hierarchy, count of features, new look and feel, etc. It can also easily be configured like any other widget using setting window. Along with this it also communicates well with default layer list of WAB.

GISKernel has thorough knowledge of customization of WAB for a more user-friendly and captivating experience. Your idea of an app can easily come to life through GISKernel.

You can add the tools and maps of your liking that get active on the app for immediate accessibility. A vast variety of widgets and themes is provided to you that can help you shape the app for your liking.

Choose GISKernel to power your maps.
If it’s enhancing maps, it’s GISKernel.